Martin Luther’s Doctrine of Election, God’s Divine Appointment.
“All things whatever arise from, and depend on, the divine appointment; whereby it was foreordained who should receive the word of life, and who should disbelieve it; who should be delivered from their sins, and who should be hardened in them; and who should be justified and who should be condemned.” – Martin Luther
And surely the Augustinian and Reformed/Reformation position of Romans 9 comes to the fore here! (Romans 9: 11-24) , Note, both the visible and independent, people of Israel and the Gentiles. As Paul notes too in 1 Cor. 1: 22-24, noting certainly verse 24… “unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power (purpose) of God..”
Here we see Luther’s doctrine of God in salvation, and really man’s bound choice! Luther is a true Augustinian and even very close to Calvin. See Luther’s: The Enslaved Will (1525).